Témiscamingue is one of the two constituent parts of the administrative region of Abitibi-Témiscamingue. Located in the far west of Quebec, it also borders Ontario to the south, Abitibi to the north, and leads east to the Outaouais region.
Abitibi means "where the waters part". Indeed, part of the rivers go north while another part towards the Pacific.
The Témiscamingue territory takes its name from the lake which largely runs along its western slope to flow into the Ottawa River. It has 19 municipalities of which Ville-Marie is the capital, two unorganized territories which cover nearly a third of the territory as well as four indigenous communities.